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PRODUCT SUMMARY

Amino Acid - L-Carnitine 500 mg Veg Caps (30 Count)

Availability: In stock
Stock Number :AAP-103-VC-030
  • Heart Health – Cardiovascular Support
  • Cognitive Support
  • Healthy Aging
  • Bone, Joint, and Musculoskeletal
  • Weight Management
  • Quick Notes:

    • Supports cardiovascular, circulatory, heart, and lung health!
    • Facilitates fatty acid metabolism; helps utilize energy from fat.
    • Supports healthy levels !

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    pdfFAQ PDF                   (569.64 KB )Download

    List Price: $24.40

    Price: $14.62

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    Product Information

    Quick Notes:

    • Supports cardiovascular, circulatory, heart, and lung health!
    • Facilitates fatty acid metabolism; helps utilize energy from fat.
    • Supports healthy levels of cholesterol and triglycerides!
    • Essential for cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle function!
    • Facilitates transport of fatty acids into the mitochondria.
    • Carnitine has exhibited potent antioxidant function!
    • Easy-to-swallow capsule!

    Overview :

    This vegetarian capsule formula contains the L form of carnitine because it is similar in structure to that which is manufactured by the body. Carnitine is an amino acid like compound that helps in energy production. It works by transporting fat from fat cells to the mitochondria (power house) of cells where it is burned for energy. This energy is used by heart muscle and other body tissues. Therefore, L-carnitine is essential for optimal cardiovascular health. Since the carrier molecule for fatty acids, acyl-CoA, cannot penetrate the cell membrane of the mitochondria without carnitine, a deficiency in carnitine results in decreased fatty acid concentrations in the mitochondria, and as a result, reduced energy production. L-Carnitine is only found in animal food sources such as meat, poultry, and dairy products. L-Carnitine can be made in the human body, although premature infants and some adults do not make sufficient amounts. L-Carnitine is a popular supplement for heart health, liver health, and weight loss.

    Research indicates:

    • Transports fat from fat cells to mitochondria cells in muscles, heart and other body tissues
    • May support healthy weight maintenance
    • May support healthy cardiac function
    • May support health in people undergoing regular kidney dialysis
    • May support healthy sperm counts in men
    • May support healthy thyroid function
    • May support healthy energy levels

    Ingredients

    Amino Acids

    L-Carnitine

    L-Carnitine Tartrate

    Suggested Use: Take 1 capsule daily, between meals.

    Storage: Keep in a cool, dry place.

    Allergy Warnings: This product is contraindicated for individuals with hypersensitivity to any of its ingredients.

    Interactions:

    • Everyone has unique body chemistry. All patients should be aware of potential drug and supplement interaction. You are encouraged to consult with your primary health care professional before taking any supplement product.

    • If you have any type of thyroid disease, or are pregnant or lactating, consult a health care practitioner prior to taking this product.

    • In rare cases persons taking high doses experienced an unusual body odor. Decrease dosage or discontinue using if this symptom worsens or becomes intolerable.

    Pregnancy Warning:

    If you are pregnant, nursing, have any health condition, or are taking any medications please consult with your health care practitioner before using this product.

    Keep out of reach of children.

    Disclaimer:

    • The following scientific literature references, articles, and statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
    • This product is not intended to treat, cure or prevent any disease.
    • Information about this product is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment.
    THANKS!
    1. Smith WA, Fry AC, Tschume LC, et al. Effect of glycine propionyl-L-carnitine on aerobic and anaerobic exercise performance. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.2008;18:19-36.

    2. Malaguarnera M, Cammalleri L, Gargante MP, et al. L-Carnitine treatment reduces severity of physical and mental fatigue and increases cognitive functions in centenarians: a randomized and controlled clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007;86:1738-44.

    3. Mitwalli AH, Al-Wakeel JS, Alam A, et al. L-carnitine supplementation in hemodialysis patients. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2005;16:17-22.

    4. Garolla A, Maiorino M, Roverato A, et al. Oral carnitine supplementation increases sperm motility in asthenozoospermic men with normal sperm phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase levels. Fertil Steril. 2005;83:355-361.

    5. Montgomery SA, Thal LJ, Amrein R. Meta-analysis of double blind randomized controlled clinical trials of acetyl-L-carnitine versus placebo in the treatment of mild cognitive impairment and mild Alzheimer's disease. Int Clin Psychopharmacol. 2003;18:61-71.

    6. Hiatt WR, Regensteiner JG, Creager MA, et al. Propionyl-L-carnitine improves exercise performance and functional status in patients with claudication. Am J Med.2001;110:616-622.

    7. Sorbi S, Forleo P, Fani C, et al. Double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled clinical trial with L-acetylcarnitine in patients with degenerative cerebellar ataxia. Clin Neuropharmacol. 2000;23:114-118.

    8. Plioplys AV, Plioplys S. Amantadine and L-carnitine treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome. Neuropsychobiology. 1997;35:16-23.

    9. Thal LJ, Carta A, Clarke WR, et al. A 1-year multicenter placebo-controlled study of acetyl-L-carnitine in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Neurology. 1996;47:705-711.

    10. Singh RB, Niaz MA, Agarwal P, et al. A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of L-carnitine in suspected acute myocardial infarction. Postgrad Med J.1996;72:45-50.

    11. Bolognesi M, Amodio P, Merkel C, et al. Effect of 8-day therapy with propionyl-L-carnitine on muscular and subcutaneous blood flow of the lower limbs in patients with peripheral arterial disease. Clin Physiol. 1995;15:417-423.

    12. Bartels GL, Remme WJ, Pillay M, et al. Effects of L-propionylcarnitine on ischemia-induced myocardial dysfunction in men with angina pectoris. Am J Cardiol.1994;74:125-130.

    13. Salvioli G, Neri M. L-acetylcarnitine treatment of mental decline in the elderly. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 1994;20:169-176.

    14. Caponnetto S, Canale C, Masperone MA, et al. Efficacy of L-propionylcarnitine treatment in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. Eur Heart J. 1994;15:1267-1273.

    15. Brevetti G, Chiariello M, Ferulano G, et al. Increases in walking distance in patients with peripheral vascular disease treated with L-carnitine: a double-blind, cross-over study. Circulation. 1988;77:767-773. echo-Doppler study. Eur Heart J. 1994;15:1348-1352.

    16. Calvani M, Carta A, Caruso G, et al. Action of acetyl-L-carnitine in neurodegeneration and Alzheimer's disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1992;663:483-486.

    17. Sano M, Bell K, Cote L, et al. Double-blind parallel design pilot study of acetyl levocarnitine in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Arch Neurol. 1992;49:1137-1141.

    18. Mancini M, Rengo F, Lingetti M, et al. Controlled study on the therapeutic efficacy of propionyl-L-carnitine in patients with congestive heart failure.Arzneimittelforschung. 1992;42:1101-1104.

    19. Lagioia R, Scrutinio D, Mangini SG, et al. Propionyl-L-carnitine: a new compound in the metabolic approach to the treatment of effort angina. Int J Cardiol.1992;34:167-172.

    20. Greco AV, Mingrone G, Bianchi M, et al. Effect of propionyl-L-carnitine in the treatment of diabetic angiopathy: Controlled double blind trial versus placebo. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 1992;18:69-80.

    21. Pucciarelli G, Mastursi M, Latte S, et al. The clinical and hemodynamic effects of propionyl-L-carnitine in the treatment of congestive heart failure [in Italian; English abstract]. Clin Ter. 1992;141:379-384

    22. Spagnoli A, Lucca U, Menasce G, et al. Long-term acetyl-L-carnitine treatment in Alzheimer's disease. Neurology. 1991;41:1726-1732.

    23. Vecchi GP, Chiari G, Cipolli C, et al. Acetyl-l-carnitine treatment of mental impairment in the elderly: evidence from a multicenter study. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 1991;(suppl 2):159-168.

    24. Campi N, Todeschini GP, Scarzella L. Selegiline versus L-acetylcarnitine in the treatment of Alzheimer-type dementia. Clin Ther. 1990;12:306-314.

    25. Passeri M, Cucinotta D, Bonati PA, et al. Acetyl-L-carnitine in the treatment of mildly demented elderly patients. Int J Clin Pharmacol Res. 1990;10:75-79.

    26. Dal Negro R, Turco P, Pomari C, et al. Effects of L-carnitine on physical performance in chronic respiratory insufficiency. Int J Clin Pharmacol. 1988;26:269-272.

    27. Bonavita E. Study of the efficacy and tolerability of L-acetylcarnitine therapy in the senile brain. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol. 1986;24:511-516.

    28. Dal Negro R, Pomari G, Zoccatelli O, et al. L-carnitine and rehabilitative respiratory physiokinesitherapy: metabolic and ventilatory response in chronic respiratory insufficiency. Int J Clin Pharmacol. 1986;24:453-456.

    29. Cherchi A, Lai C, Angelino F, et al. Effects of L-carnitine on exercise tolerance in chronic stable angina: a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled crossover study. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol. 1985;23:569-572.

    FAQ

    Frequently Asked Questions - Amino Acids

    • What are amino acids?

      Amino acids are the building blocks of protein and are critical for the body to function properly. Protein has an important job in building and rebuilding body tissue and providing the body with nitrogen, an essential element for all living beings. They are absolutely vital and have wide-ranging roles, including the repair and maintenance of muscles, organs, ligaments, connective tissues, glands, nails, hair, skin, etc.  Amino acids are considered the building blocks of life a deficiency in even one of them can have detrimental effects on one’s health and well-being.

       

      There are both essential and nonessential amino acids. Essential amino acids must be obtained from the diet while nonessential amino acids are made by the body.

       The following is a list of the essential and nonessential amino acids:

       ESSENTIAL

      Isoleucine

      Leucine

      Lysine

      Methionine

      Phenylalanine

      Threonine

      Tryptophan

      Valine

       

      NONESSENTIAL

      Alanine

      Arginine

      Asparagine

      Aspartic acid

      Cystine (cysteine)

      Glutamic acid

      Glycine

      Histidine

      Hydroxylysine

      Hydroxyproline

      Proline

      Serine

      Tyrosine

    • What is the difference between essential and non-essential amino acids?

      Generally speaking, there are twenty critical amino acids used by cells in protein biosynthesis. Nine of these amino acids are termed “essential” and need to be acquired from dietary sources; the body cannot produce them. “Nonessential” amino acids, on the other hand, are produced in the body from other amino acids when given an adequate supply of nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.  Nevertheless, in certain life stages or during certain situations even some of these nonessential amino acids are required in such substantial quantities they are considered “conditionally essential”.

    • Are the amino acids in Amino Acid Complex “free form”?

      Yes, they are in free form.

    • Why is there an “L” in front of the amino acids on the label?

      Amino acids are by definition any molecule that contains both amine (amino) and carboxyl functional groups.  All amino acids share this common chemical "backbone" that consists of a carbon atom to which four substituent groups are bonded: a nitrogen-containing amino group (NH2), a carboxyl group (COOH), a hydrogen (H+) atom and an "R" group. 

      The "R" group or side chain varies in electric charge, size, structure and solubility in water, giving each amino acid its distinct chemical properties.  Since all amino acids (except glycine) contain at least one asymmetrical chiral carbon atom, which produces a stereoisomers (mirror image), they exist in nature as two forms (stereoisomers).  The forms are designated as either D- or L-, depending on their structural relationship to a right- or left-handed reference point.  While both forms are found in biological systems, all amino acids constituting proteins are composed of the L-form. DL-amino acids are a 50/50 mixture of both the D- and L- form of the molecule.

    • Is 5-HTP fat soluble?

      5-HTP is an amino acid and the absorption of amino acids in the intestine depends on transporter molecules, so solubility in fat or water is not instrumental for absorption. In addition, the research shows that 5-HTP is effective whether you take it with or without meals.

    • What is the difference between L-Carnitine and Acetyl L-Carnitine?

      L-Carnitine is a naturally occurring substance produced by the body, made up of the amino acids lysine and methionine and requires iron, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and C for production. Acetyl L-Carnitine is this substance bound to acetic acid, an important co-factor in the production of acetyl CoA, a precursor to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. In the brain, acetylcholine is involved in learning and memory and stimulates muscle tissue.

    • What is the source of amino acids used in your products?

      - Amino Acid Complex - from whey protein (milk/ dairy)
      - L-Arginine 500 mg - Poultry
      - L-Tyrosine 500 mg - Poultry
      - N-Acetyl Cysteine 600 mg - Poultry
      - L-Glutamine 500 mg - Fermentation from yeast (Tapioca)
      - L-Carnitine 500 mg – Synthesized, nature identical
      - Acetyl L-Carnitine 500 mg – Synthesized, nature identical
      - L-Theanine 200 mg - Green tea leaves
      - 5-HTP 100 mg - from seeds of Griffonia simplicifolia (shrub)
      - L-Lysine 500 mg – Synthesized, nature identical

    • What are the most popular forms of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs)?

      The most popular form of branched chain amino acids or BCAAs are valine, leucine, and isoleucine. These three essential amino acids make up one third of muscle protein, and are responsible for: rebuilding stressed muscles, promoting quick recovery, and preventing muscles from breaking down.

    • How do regular amino acids and branched chain amino acids differ?

      Branched chain amino acids, also called BCAAs, are the combination of three essential amino acids—valine, leucine, and isoleucine. Because they make up one third of muscle protein, branched chain amino acids are particularly important for anyone who lifts weights. Branched chain amino acids differ from amino acids because they are metabolized in the muscle, rather than in the liver. This means that after digestion occurs, BCAAs can be burned as energy-producing fuel, or they can be used to build new proteins. BCAAs rebuild are ideal for athletes who participate in endurance activities as well as bodybuilders dieting for a show, as they rebuild stressed muscles, promote quick recovery, give you extra energy, and prevent muscles from breaking down.

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